A native of Bosnia and Herzegovina, regardless of ethnicity, is identified in English as a Bosnian.
The terms Herzegovinian and Bosnian are maintained as a regional rather than ethnic distinction, and the region of Herzegovina has no precisely defined borders of its own.
The country is mostly mountainous, encompassing the central Dinaric Alps.
The northeastern parts reach into the Pannonian Plain, while in the south it borders the Adriatic.
Most forest areas are in the centre, east and west parts of Bosnia.
Herzegovina has drier Mediterranean climate, with dominant karst topography.
Moreover, the country was simply called "Bosnia" until the Austro-Hungarian occupation at the end of the 19th century.
It has a coastline about 20 kilometres (12 miles) long surrounding the city of Neum.The country is home to three main ethnic groups or, officially, constituent peoples, as specified in the constitution.Bosniaks are the largest group of the three, with Serbs second and Croats third.Bosnia and Herzegovina is a region that traces permanent human settlement back to the Neolithic age, during and after which it was populated by several Illyrian and Celtic civilizations.Culturally, politically, and socially, the country has a rich history, having been first settled by the Slavic peoples that populate the area today from the 6th through to the 9th centuries.
), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina (Bi H), and, in short, often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west, and south; Serbia to the east; Montenegro to the southeast; and the Adriatic Sea to the south, with a coastline about 20 kilometres (12 miles) long surrounding the city of Neum.